Fire Science

Fire ScienceFire Science


Allied Health and Nursing

Employment of firefighters is expected to increase 7 percent through 2022, more slowly than the average for all occupations as fire departments continue to compete with other public safety providers for funding. Median hourly wage for firefighters in 2012 was $ 21.75/hr. Median annual wage in 2012 was $ 53,990.

Firefighters face competition for available job openings. Applicants who are physically fit, have high test scores, and those with paramedic certification should have the best job prospects. Additionally, a two-year degree places some applicants ahead of others.

Firefighters respond to a variety of emergency situations where life, property or the environment are at risk. Firefighters are known as “All-Hazards Responders” because firefighters are the first emergency response team at the scene of an accident, fire, search and rescue, flood, earthquake or other national disaster, or act of terrorism.

Most calls that firefighters respond to involve medical emergencies and many fire departments provide ambulance service for victims. Firefighters receive training in emergency medical procedures, and many fire departments require their firefighters to be certified as emergency medical technicians or paramedics.

During duty hours, firefighters must be prepared to respond immediately to a fire or other emergency situation that arises. Each situation a firefighter encounters is unique. Because firefighting is dangerous and complex, it requires organization and teamwork.

At every emergency scene, firefighters perform specific duties assigned to them. At fires, they may connect hose lines to hydrants, operate a pump, or position ladders. They may rescue victims and administer emergency first aid, ventilate smoke-filled areas, operate equipment and salvage the contents of a building.

Other Firefighter-Related Jobs
Fire inspectors are specially trained to conduct inspections of structures to prevent fires and to ensure fire code compliance, and check and approve plans for new buildings. Fire prevention personnel often speak before assemblies and civic organizations. Some firefighters even become fire investigators, who determine the origin and cause of fire. 

Educational Opportunities in Firefighting

Associate of Applied Science in Fire Science
This program offers career opportunities in forestry, insurance, state, county and local government along with local public fire departments (For public fire department employment, a 240-hour non-credit program on firefighting techniques and a Civil Service examination are required).
This program may be completed in two years, if taken on a full-time basis. Many students choose to study on a part-time basis.

Students in the associate of applied science in fire science program complete courses in: 

  • Fire Science 
  • Computer information systems 
  • English 
  • Math 
  • Physical science 
  • Political science 
  • Psychology/Sociology

Related Educational Opportunities

Associate of Science
A student may elect to follow any of the published guides or may earn an associate of science degree by meeting the universal requirements. A minimum of 63 semester credit hours is required for the associate of science degree including the 39-40 semester credit hours to complete the State Transfer Module. Choices of courses will require careful academic planning and advice. Students should seek assistance from a counselor or advisor before registering for courses.

Students completing the associate of science degree may transfer with junior standing to the four-year college or university of their choice. The associate of science degree is intended for the student who wishes to pursue a bachelor’s degree by completing the first two years at LCCC in program fields such as:

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Engineering
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Pre-professional Medical (dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, physical/occupational therapy, optometry, veterinary medicine)

For the associate of science degree, a student must have three semester hours in mathematics and six semester hours must be in science of which one course must be a lab science course. Two year-long sequences selected from specific science and mathematics courses must be taken.

Certificate of Proficiency in Emergency Medical Services-Paramedic
This program provides students with advanced levels of knowledge and skills in the field of emergency medicine. It instructs students to perform advanced life support measures, including cardiac monitoring, defibrillations, endotracheal intubations, starting IVs and administering medications.

LCCC’s EMT-P program is accredited by the Public Safety Services Offices of the Ohio Department of Education. The program may be completed in one year, if taken on a full-time basis. Many students choose to study on a part-time basis. Students in the certificate of proficiency in emergency medical services-paramedic program complete courses in:

  • Allied Health
  • Biology
  • Emergency Medical Technician
  • Paramedic
  • English
  • Psychology

In addition, the curriculum provides students with practical experience gained off campus at clinical sites, such as hospitals and other health care facilities. Note: For admission to the certificate of proficiency in emergency medical services paramedic program, students need to complete the LCCC course, emergency medical technician – basic (EMSB 101), or an equivalent.



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