General Education Outcomes

General Education Outcomes [Institutional Student Learning Outcomes]

Philosophy

Lorain County Community College faculty, administrators, and staff believe that all individuals should learn to read with comprehension, to write with clarity, to speak with precision, to listen with discrimination, and to think critically and analytically with the capacity to apply knowledge. The education of the whole person and strengthening of literacy should occur throughout our educational experiences.

General Education Outcomes

General Education Outcomes at the college enable students to develop the knowledge, skills, values, and beliefs important for all college graduates. These 11 outcomes are embedded across the curriculum in all degree and certificate programs. These outcomes are greater than the sum of the parts of individual course outcomes. Three to four measurable criteria for each of the general education outcomes and the assessment methods used by faculty to assess each general education outcome as infused in each course outcomes are reported in the table below.

Assessment of LCCC General Education Outcomes

General Education OutcomesMeasurements UsedResults
Continuous Improvement
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Develop the professional competencies to function effectively within their chosen academic disciplines and careers. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
State or National Board/Certification/ Assessment exams
 
 
 
 
91% of 2006 Graduates are employed or continuing their education 1/2 year after graduation.
No intervention needed at this time
Human Anatomy and Physiology Society Comprehensive Exam:  51% average -- comparable to average for cohort institutions
Results were shared with the faculty of the A&P courses and strategies were developed to improve certain areas of content delivery.
2006 Certified Medical Assistant Exam:  75% passage
Exam is currently optional but will become a program requirement in 2009.
2006 Paramedic National Registry Exam:  79% passage on first attempt.
Fulltime program director being selected
2006 Dental Hygiene National Board Exam:  100% passage on first attempt.
No intervention needed at this time
2007 Physical Therapy Assistant Licensure Exam:  83% passage on first attempt.
No intervention needed at this time
2007 Medical Laboratory Technician (ASCP) Certifying Exam:  100% passage on first attempt.
No intervention needed at this time
2006 Health Fitness Instructor Certification exam:   100% passage on first attempt.
No intervention needed at this time
2006 Physical Fitness Specialist certification exam:  100% passage on first attempt.
No intervention needed at this time
2006 OPOTC (Police):  100% passage
No intervention needed at this time
2006 NCLEX (Practical Nursing):  98% passage on first attempt
No intervention needed at this time
2007 NCLEX (Registered Nursing):  90% passage on first attempt.
No intervention needed at this time
2007 Surgical Tech Certifying Exam:  92% passage rate
No intervention needed at this time
 Because professional competencies are deeply embedded into programs, this outcome is being removed from the General Education Outcomes list beginning in the 2009/10 academic year.
2. Develop technological literacy and demonstrate knowledge of the applications of technology in everyday life.
Survey
The majority of incoming students have technological skills with minimal need for further skill development.The changing demographics of the student population indicate that this is no longer a skill that needs to be developed in the 21st Century college student and is being removed from the General Education Outcomes list beginning in the 2009/10 academic year.
3. Understand and apply methods of scientific inquiry. 
Item analysis of selected test questions and evaluation of performance of inquiry-based laboratory exercises
Data being compiled
Natural Science is being converted to a core course outcome beginning in the  2009/10 academic year.
4. Develop an appreciation for and an understanding of the arts and humanities. 
Survey
Statistically significant findings were noted in students at the 2nd year level compared to 1st year students for:
Humanities is being converted to a core course outcome beginning in the 2009/10 academic year.
  • Appreciating the merits of specific works of art, music, film, literature and theater.
  • Learning a second language improved understanding of English.
  • Understanding of the historical and cultural influence of the Arts on society.
  • Better understanding of human history and its cultural developments.
  • Understanding of how philosophy, religion, history, art, literature, and music have contributed to the advancement of human civilization.
  • Better understanding of other religions.
  • Ability to associate a work of art or literature with a culture or period of history.
5. Develop an understanding of the history of the diverse social, economic, and political models of society. 
Survey
Data being compiled
Social Science is being converted to a core course outcome beginning in the 2009/10 academic year.
6. Develop precision, clarity, and fluency in writing. 
Rubric                   (4 = excellent)
Pilot study results of rubric indicated:
Writing (English) is being converted to a core course outcome beginning in the 2009/10 academic year.
  • Content (thesis/argument) mean rating:  2.34/4
  • Organization (arrangement/ paragraph development/ transitions) mean rating:  2.13/4
  • Expression (diction/syntax/voice) mean rating:  2.31/4
  • Format (MLA):  1.77/4
7. Develop accuracy, conciseness, and coherence in spoken communication.
Rubric
Not applicable
New rubric has been developed in Spring 2008 and will piloted in Fall 2008 to assess this infused outcome.
Survey
Student perception  of integration of oral communications into the courses:  increased learning, improved student's communication skills, raised student participation in class discussions, enhanced student engagement, and made the class more enjoyable.
Data was shared with academic community and faculty were encouraged to increase use of oral communications in their classes.  Communication will continue as an infused outcome in the revised General Education Outcomes list beginning 2009/10 academic year.
8. Apply mathematical concepts to solve quantitative problems. 
ACT CAAP
Subscore mean only slightly below cohort reference group (13.8 vs. 14).
Mathematics is being converted to a core course outcome beginning 2009/10 academic year.
9. Develop critical thinking and reasoning skills for problem solving. 
Test of Every Day Reasoning
Entry level students percentile ranking:  43
Rubric was developed in Spring 2008 and will piloted in Fall 2008 to assess critical thinking which will remain an infused outcome in the General Education Outcome conversion beginning in the 2009/10 academic year.
Second year students percentile ranking:  60
10. Develop an awareness and understanding of gender, ethnic, minority, multi­cultural, and global issues. 
Pre/Post Survey
Slight to moderate positive shift in valuing diversity.
Diversity will continue as an infused outcome in the revised General Education Outcomes list beginning in the 2009/10 academic year.
Increased favorable attitude concerning multiculturalism.
Mixed responses regarding appropriateness of diversity education in school.
Moderately favorable responses to interacting with people of diverse racial, ethnic, gender and age.
11. Develop an appreciation for and an understanding of the benefits of a healthy, active and well-balanced lifestyle. 
Survey
91% of survey respondents indicated that regular physical activity was important to health. 
LCCC is  considering expansion of its Live Smart initiative to include students.  Health will continue as an infused outcome in the General Education Outcomes conversion beginning in the 2009/10 academic year.
Two-thirds of those surveyed regularly engage (i.e. 3 times per week) in strenuous physical activity.
Nearly all respondents regularly visit a doctor and receive, or have received. vaccinations.
Survey respondents seem less willing to focus on diet and eliminate bad behaviors (e.g. smoking) even though they are aware of the risks although three-quarters of those surveyed indicated a plan to make positive changes in the next 6 months.

Revision of General Education Outcomes Effective Fall 2009

Following a two-year process involving students, faculty, administration, and members of the community, Lorain County Community College has determined a need to revise the General Education Outcomes to better meet the needs of the 21st Century citizen. 

Through its general education program, Lorain County Community College provides the student with the knowledge, understanding, and skills that our society expects from any college-educated individual. General education introduces the student to academic disciplines and fosters critical thinking, rigorous investigation, and effective communication.  The experience of general education is valuable because it helps the student to:

  • prepare for further academic studies, professional accomplishments, and lifelong learning
  • become an engaged member of the community
  • adapt to a changing world
  • understand and appreciate diverse aspects of human civilization and the natural world

Beginning in the 2009/2010 academic year, the college will convert from the former eleven infused outcomes (listed above) to this new format which will involve a combination of core courses and infused outcomes:

Core course outcomes:  student will take designated courses to fulfill requirement
C1:  English:  Demonstrate logical organization, coherent thinking, and precision in writing.
C2:  Mathematics:  Utilize college mathematics to solve problems.
C3:  Natural Science:  Apply scientific concepts and methods of inquiry.
C4:  Social Science:  Apply concepts, principles and methods of inquiry in the social sciences.
C5:  Humanities:  Examine the nature of human expression and/or artistic creativity.
 
Infused outcomes:  outcome is embedded into a number of courses
In1:  Critical Thinking:  Employ critical thinking skills in addressing issues and problems.
In2:  Communication:  Demonstrate competence in verbal and nonverbal communication.
In3:  Diversity:  Analyze the role of diversity in the development of the individual, the community, and the global society. 
In4:  Ethics:  Apply personal, professional, social and civic values. 
In5:  Health:  Identify behaviors that promote health of the individual.

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