As an integral part of the Lorain County Community College, the Practical Nursing Program accepts the Mission Statement, Vision Statement, and Values of the college and functions within the general policies of the college. We, the practical nursing faculty, believe in the recognition, the rights, and the value of every individual as a human being, regardless of race, age, color, sex, religion, disability, national origin, or veteran status. We view the individual as holistic and capable of decision making and thus should be encouraged to actively participate in the delivery of health care. We believe in encouraging individuality and recognizing that each person has a unique contribution to make.
We recognize the individual as member of a culturally diverse society which consists of a variety of groups such as families, significant others, and communities. Within each group, there exists certain relationships between the members. These relationships will directly or indirectly affect other members of the group. For this reason, these relationships should be considered in the planning and delivery of health care.
Nursing is a discipline of knowledge and a field of professional practice. It is a caring, compassionate, interpersonal process that includes the promotion, restoration, and maintenance of health, as well as support during the dying process. The profession of nursing incorporates specialized knowledge, critical thinking, effective communication techniques, and therapeutic nursing interventions and skills derived from the principles of biological, physical, social, behavioral, nursing, and technological sciences. Application of these principles throughout the nursing process form the basis of competent practice. Nurses function as members of a collaborative interdisciplinary team that recognizes the right of persons to be active participants in their care. As a profession, nursing establishes standards of care, evaluates nursing practice, provides education, and functions within a legal, ethical, and multicultural framework.
Practical Nursing is an integral part of nursing and the health care team. The licensed practical nurse functions in this role by carrying out the nursing process at the direction of and with the guidance of the registered nurse, licensed physician, or dentist. He/she functions in a variety of health care settings meeting the basic nursing care needs of individuals experiencing commonly occurring and well defined acute and long-term physical and mental problems, illnesses or adjustments with predictable outcomes. The licensed practical nurse functions within this directed scope of practice by participating in the development, implementation, and evaluation of the plan of care. Duties of the licensed practical nurse may include the provision and delegation of safe, effective nursing care and teaching basic nursing skills and principles. The licensed practical nurse is also capable of performing additional nursing skills acquired through education beyond basic nursing preparation.
Teaching/learning is an interactive process between teacher and student. The process recognizes students as adult learners responsible for the outcome of their educational experiences. Each student has the right to an educational climate, which will enhance his/her ability to learn. Students should take responsibility for learning by assisting faculty to identify learning needs and by using learned information as a basis on which to expand their individual knowledge, skills, and educational background.
Nursing education Theory, technical, and clinical experiences are provided to prepare the graduate to function as a practical nurse. Nursing education requires the full and active participation of the student in an organized program of study. Educational experiences are designed to provide nursing education while encouraging self improvement and participation in professional and community activities. The faculty create a learning environment that facilitates opportunities for practice of therapeutic nursing interventions, effective communication techniques, self awareness, critical thinking, and decision making.
Recognizing that education is a lifelong process, the practical nursing faculty believe that the practical nurse should continue his/her education in a variety of ways to supplement knowledge and maintain currency in the field of nursing.
Practical Nursing Program Conceptual Framework
The program of learning prepares students to assume the role of licensed practical nurse. It is consistent with the philosophical statement and the program/graduate outcomes of the program and the mission statement, vision statement, and values of the college. It is based on the faculty’s beliefs related to nursing, practical nursing, the individual, society, the teaching/learning process, nursing education, and education as a lifelong process.
The practical nurse provides and delegates care to the client in meeting the physiological, psychological, sociological, cultural, and spiritual needs of the client. The ability to meet the needs of the client through therapeutic nursing interventions are based on the nurse’s knowledge of biological, physical, social, behavioral, technological, and nursing science.
Within the curriculum the client is defined as an individual functioning at the developmental levels of infant, child, adult, or older adult. The client will be considered a member of a family and a member of a community.
An interactive teaching/learning process is used to integrate nursing theory and clinical practice. Utilizing the nursing process, critical thinking and effective communication, the practical nurse assists in the care of the clients in acute care, long term care, outpatient, and community based settings.
The practical nurse participates in the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health across the life span. Methods of dealing with death and dying, health education, supervision/delegation roles, client advocation and political activism are also included in the curriculum.